Dating antique ball jars
As the story goes, Frank and Edmund—two of Lucius Styles Ball and Maria Polly Bingham Ball five sons (a sixth, Clinton Harvey, died in infancy)—borrowed 0 from an uncle to buy a kerosene can company in upstate New York in 1880.Although the vessels were made of tin, the cans were lined with a glass container to prevent corrosion.Of course, the canning jar didn't come out of the blue (though we'll see that the color has some significance), and its current mass-produced form was refined over the course of several decades in the latter half of the 19th-Century.
The only options for them was to use tin cans and solder them shut, or to plug their fruit jars—a term used by bottle maker Thomas Dyott—with corks, a practice that dated to the Colonial Era.The bands and lids usually come with new jars, but they are also sold separately.While the bands are reusable, the lids are intended for single use when canning.Lightning fruit jars, another type of Mason jar, were not as common as the screw-thread version, but they were popular for home canning in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. They are also produced in a variety of volumes, including cup (half-pint), pint, quart, and half-gallon. Jarden Corporation, based in Boca Raton, Florida, In home canning, food is packed into the jar, leaving some empty "head space" between the level of food and the top of the jar.
The lid is placed on top of the jar with the integral rubber seal resting on the rim.
By grinding the lip of the glass until it was nearly flat (known as a 'square shoulder') and inserting a simple rubber gasket inside the lid, Mason achieved a sufficiently airtight seal, and his namesake was born.